Young people in Albania: in poverty, unemployed and ready to leave the country!

Young people in Albania: in poverty, unemployed and ready to leave the country!

The National Report "Youth in Albania 2019" raises serious concerns on the ability of the Government to tackle youth issues

Tirana, 6 November 2019 - CRCA/ECPAT Albania, the Albanian National Youth Network - ANYN and Child and Youth Policy Hub, with the support of the Albanian Coalition for Education-ACE, presented today the findings of the National Report “Youth in Albania 2019 ". This is the 2nd year that the report comes out, seeking to inform policymakers, state institutions and young people in particular on the situation of youth in Albania, identified issues and to recommend solutions that can improve the situation.

The National Report “Youth in Albania 2019”, highlights some of the most critical findings, which were addressed by young people themselves, as follows:

High rate of youth unemployment in Albania, ranging from 20.9% according to INSTAT to 32.8% according to the ILO. While according to the National Survey “Youth in Albania 2019”, 73 % of young people interviewed consider employment as their most worrying concern.

“Youth brain drain” ranks Albania at number one in Europe for young people's desire to leave and study abroad. 35% of students with a Bachelor's degree and about 30% of students generally aim to study abroad, while the level of economic status of Albanian students is again at alarming proportions compared to other countries. Young people that willingly want to leave the country account for up to 79%, according to Gallup, placing Albania at the top of the list.

Albania ranks among the first countries in Europe for murders of girls and women,where the situation of gender-based violence is most alarming. Data from various national and international organizations shows that 88.8% of women and girls in Albania are victims of all forms of violence and 65% of them have experienced domestic or partner violence. If we refer to the last two years the number of girls (age group 15-29) killed by their partners is 7. However, it is worth noting the positive fact that there has been a significant increase in the number of girls and women who have reported violence to the National Police. Around 8,000 cases received court protection orders.

• The socio-economic conditions in which young people live in Albania have led to an increase in youth crime. Data from 2018 shows that 38% of criminal convictions were given against youth,a situation that requires immediate intervention.

• Poverty and youth unemployment serve as a ground that feed, among others, violent extremism and radicalisation. The European Commission's 2018 report states that at least 144 Albanian nationals went to Syria and Iraq to fight in the armed conflicts, out of which 73 people (including 18 fighters and 55 family members), were children and young people. While the latest Report of 2019, finds disturbing rise on online religious radicalism in Albania.

• At national level, 62% of young people do not trust the Albanian political parties, while about 57% of them rate the work of the local government and youth sectors with zero points. The growing distrust of politics and conflictuality that the parliamentary and political impasse exerted created the ground for the disenfranchisement of young people. In the last local elections over 50% of young people did not want to vote.

The preparation of this report is of particular importance to Albania and the entire youth movement. It is the second time that the youth movement comes together to monitor and evaluate the work of public institutions at central and local level for youth and the impact that state policies have had on youth and their movement in Albania.

The 2nd National Report “Youth in Albania 2018-2019”, among its main recommendations, lists:

To the Parliament of Albania:

  • Establish a Parliamentary Sub-Committee on Youth in the Albanian Parliament.

To the Government and the Council of Ministers:

  • Create new programs to promote youth employment, support for youth businesses, with particular focus youth from vulnerable groups.
  • Opening community support programs for young people, both to empower them and for those with anti-social or criminal behavior, to create opportunities for them to rehabilitate and integrate into society.
  • Drafting the New Action Plan for Youth and adopting in the budget of the Ministry of Education the budget line for Youth, where it will occupy 10% of the total funds of the entire ministry.

To Municipalities in Albania:

  • Must establish Youth Sections, while City Councils must adopt a specific budget line to fund youth programs and initiatives of youth organizations and groups;
  • Draft 3-5 year Local Youth Action Plans in each Municipality to address youth issues through local public policies and financing.
  • Representatives of municipalities in full co-operation with the Council of Ministers and line ministries should finance new community services necessary for the prevention and treatment of domestic violence.

For youth CSOs:

  • Exert more pressure and establish accountability and monitoring mechanisms for elected public officials, local and central government institutions on youth issues;
  • Hold national awareness campaigns on girls' rights in schools, communities, family and society, including prevention and reduction of  hate speech among young people in Albania;
  • Youth CSOs in the country should support more youth start-ups to promote youth employment across the country.

For more information, contact at the e-mail address;

CRCA / ECPAT Albania

Mobile: 0672075330

E-mail: crca@crca.al

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